“CAUGHT BETWEEN THE BOERS AND THE BRITISH” – NORTHERN NATAL AFRIKANERS AND THE BOER OCCUPATION OF KLIP RIVER COUNTY (OCTOBER 1899-JUNE 1900)

Johan Wassermann, Fransjohan Pretorius

Abstract


On 11 October 1899, when the ultimatum issued to Britain had expired, the
Boer force consisting of roughly 11 400 burghers from the South African Republic
(hereafter ZAR), commanded by Generals Erasmus, Kock and Meyer and 6 000
burghers from the Orange Free State (hereafter OFS), under Chief Commandant
Prinsloo and Commandant De Villiers, invaded Natal and specifically Klip River
County. The Republican objective seems to have been to defeat the force under Major-
General William Penn-Symons at Dundee and to proceed to Ladysmith in order to
capture the town, which was located at the important railway junction between the
Republics and the Colony of Natal. Once this was achieved, the goal was to be
defensive and to halt the advance of British reinforcements.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5787/34-1-17

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Copyright (c) 2018 Johan Wassermann, Fransjohan Pretorius


ISSN 2224-0020 (online); ISSN 1022-8136 (print)

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