THE CONSEQUENCES OF HUMANITARIAN PEACEKEEPING IN AFRICA

Rialize Ferreira

Abstract


Owing to the changing nature of international conflict, the 1990s witnessed a
growing need for humanitarian peacekeeping operations, especially in Africa. The
reluctance of the United Nations to be involved in peacekeeping operations in Africa
compelled South Africa to take part in peacekeeping to assist neighbouring conflictridden
states. There is, however, a discrepancy between the conceptualisation and
application of peacekeeping and peace-enforcement operations. This notion is
manifest in the changing nature of post-Cold War conflicts and requisite strategies,
doctrines and operational procedures to execute these operations. A shift in South
African defence policy was necessary to accommodate an expanded mandate to
make provision for African peacekeeping missions. These humanitarian missions
unfortunately also have unintended, latent consequences for the host populations,
which can harm the peace operations as such.
The aim of this article is to investigate traditional peacekeeping shifting to
peace-building as a manifest, intended consequence and the way in which
unintended, latent consequences of peacekeeping come about.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5787/37-2-67

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Copyright (c) 2018 Rialize Ferreira


ISSN 2224-0020 (online); ISSN 1022-8136 (print)

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