SOMALI PIRATES TAKE TO THE HIGH SEAS: EXPEDIENCY OR LONG-TERM PIRATE STRATEGY?

Henri Fouche

Abstract


In 2008 the highest number of attacks recorded against ships in the world was
reported to have taken place off the coast of Africa. These attacks were carried out at
greater distances from land, along the east coast of Africa, than ever before. In this
article the extent of piracy and armed robbery against ships in the African context
and underlying causes of piracy and armed robbery against ships off the coast of
East Africa will be presented. The objective is to analyse incidents and the land and
sea based causes in East Africa to account for the shift in strategy from attacking
ships in territorial waters to attacking ships on the high seas. A secondary aim is to
determine, in view of the shifting background to the attacks, the responsibilities of
navies and other role players in the process of countering such attacks. The article
suggests that states need to review national legislation related to maritime security
and that all state role players in the maritime domain need to cooperate more
efficiently.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5787/37-2-69

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Copyright (c) 2018 Henri Fouche


ISSN 2224-0020 (online); ISSN 1022-8136 (print)

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