CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS IN DISASTER RESCUE AND RELIEF ACTIVITIES: RESPONSE TO THE MUDSLIDE IN SOUTHERN LEYTE, PHILIPPINES

Rosalie Arcala Hall, Anita Cular

Abstract


This article examines engagements between civilian actors, the Philippine
security forces and the US military during disaster response operations. The
Philippine disaster framework recognises the military’s role in disaster relief and has
existing mechanisms for accepting international assistance and procedures for
military-to-military cooperation in this task. The local authorities accord the military
a central role in the disaster operations, contrary to notions of it being the ‘last
resort’. Tasking and coordination proceeded separately along civilian versus military
lines, with limited interface between the two groups. The army reservists had greater
linkages with civilian actors than did the army regulars, who dealt exclusively with
the foreign teams. The US military’s activities were confined to search and rescue
and to providing critical logistics, which the Philippines actors lacked.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5787/38-2-90

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Copyright (c) 2018 Rosalie Arcala Hall, Anita Cular


ISSN 2224-0020 (online); ISSN 1022-8136 (print)

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