The Influence of Rankism on the Ethical Competence of Student Nurses in a Military Context

Karen Zägenhagen, Gisela Van Rensburg


Developing ethical competence in nursing is integral to the process of professional socialisation during which students are taught the ethical values and norms of the nursing profession. The process of professional socialisation is however influenced by a range of factors related to the teaching and learning environment, such as organisational culture, teaching practices and role models. Students at a military nursing college are exposed to a unique environment rich in military culture. The findings discussed in this article formed part of a larger grounded theory study that aimed to determine the influence of the hidden curriculum on the professional socialisation of students in a military context. Data were collected from purposefully selected nurse educators and students by means of focus-group interviews and critical incident narratives. Findings revealed a significant influence of the abuse of rank on the ethical competence of students.


Ethical competence, hidden curriculum, military teaching and learning environment, professional socialisation, rankism

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Copyright (c) 2019 Gisela Hildegard Van Rensburg, Karen Zagenhagen

ISSN 2224-0020 (online); ISSN 1022-8136 (print)

Creative Commons License -CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

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