The role of change management in improving policy effectiveness in the SANDF


Armed forces the world over have three primary functions – force development, force deployment and force employment. Defence policy plays a guiding role in all of these, but it is especially important in establishing the rationale for the creation of credible military deterrence. Usually, a defence policy presupposes the development of armed forces that are effective at executing their mandate, a condition that is measurablein terms of the discipline, skill and quality of the organisation. The study on which this article reports, used this concept to describe how change management – especially by focusing on incorporating effective prioritisation – could enhance the current defence policy. A general analysis of South African defence policy publications indicates that, indeed, the policymakers had thoroughly considered the effectiveness of the armed forces when they wrote the White Paper on Defence of 1996 and the Defence Review of 1998. By 2006, the South African Army had interpreted national defence policy and formulated a future strategy of its own very much in alignment with the ‘modern system’ approach of the original policy publications. The present study suggests that the principal reason for the large variance between defence policy, military capabilities, and real operational demands stems from the lack of effective prioritisation of defence. This article, therefore, concludes that the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) has been largely unsuccessful in complying with the demands of defence policy, irrespective of the fact that the policy by itselfmay be obsolete and/or inappropriate for the South African context. Furthermore, it is concluded that military effectiveness in meeting current operational demands is also doubtful. Finally, the schizophrenic organisational culture of the defence force may be the primary cause of its moving ever closer to reneging on its constitutional mandate.

Author Biographies

Jaco Pietersen, SANDF, SA Army, Armour, Lt Col
 Unit: DFR Current Post: ACTING SSO TRAININGDate in Post: 2017 TILL PRESENT Period in Post: 3 YEARSSecurity Clearance: SECRET MZ No: 000450553 Expiry Date: IN POCESSCorps: ARMOUR Last Promotion Date: 01 FEB 2012Medical Classification: G1K1 Period in Rank: 8 YEARSDecorations, Commendations and Medals:SerNo Name of Decoration, Commendation and Medal Year Awarded Post Nominal Title a b c1 GENERAL SERVICE 2004 2 TSUMELO IKATELEHO 2004 3 10 YEARS GOOD SERVICE 2006 4 20 YEARS GOOD SERVICE 2018 5 AU Ops FIBRE(Burundi) 2001 6 UN Ops MISTRAL(DRC) 2003 7 AU Ops CORDITE(Sudan) 2005 8 Mandela Medal (Bronze) 2014 9 Order of “Ignacio Agramonte”(Cuban Military Merit Medal) 2018Academic Qualifications you have obtained:1 MASTERS IN PROJ MANAGECUM LAUDE PROJ + BUSSINESS MANAGEMENTLEADERSHIP 20192 SENIOR MANAGE PROG SENIOR MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME 2014
Pieter G Steyn, Principle, Cranefield College
PROFESSOR PIETER G STEYNEDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS-Advanced Technical Certificate 1 (Pretoria Technikon 1962).-BSc Industrial Engineering (University of Pretoria 1967).-MBA (University of Pretoria 1969).-D Com (Business Economics) (University of South Africa 1975).MEMBERSHIP OF PROFESSIONAL INSTITUTIONS-Registered Professional Engineer.-Founder Fellow of the Production Management Institute of South Africa.-Member of the Association of Business Leadership.-Member of the Industrial Engineering Institute.-Member of the Engineering Association of South Africa.-Member of the Productions and Operations Management Society, USA.
Jan Abraham Meyer, NWU Business School
Jan Meyer is a Professor and the Deputy Director of the NWU Business School. He completed his South African Air Force career (21 years) as the Logistics Coordinator, AFB Swartkop with the rank of Colonel (1995). He then joined Xcel IT as a Project Manager on logistics projects for a period of 7 years moving on to the academia as a Senior Lecturer at Monash (SA) School of IT. After and moving to Milpark Business School and the IIE, finally taking up a position at North West University GSB&GL in 2012. He was appointed the Acting Director in April 2015 and Deputy Director of the integrated Business School in 2018.He holds a PhD from the University of Pretoria (2002), Masters in Business Leadership from UNISA (1995), Certificate in Logistics Management from the University of Pretoria (1991) and a Bachelor’s Degree in Political Science (UNISA, 1990). He also completed the Graduate Certificate in Higher Education at Monash (Melbourne, 2006). His research interests include the Project Management, Supply Chain Management and Data Security. Other fields of interest centre on ICT4D, Information Knowledge Management, e-Governance and e-Government as well as issues in the public sector.  Prof Meyer has published in peer reviewed journals in the above fields. Prof Meyer is also on the editorial committee of accredited journals and conferences.