ON THE USE OF THE SHAPLEY VALUE IN POLITICAL CONFLICT RESOLUTION

  • G.N. Engelbrecht
  • A.P. Vos

Abstract

This article delineates generic causes to internal conflict and proposes acoalition-forming methodology to allow for power sharing as one avenue of conflictresolution. A suitable framework to study causes to internal conflict should, at least,provide for big bad men versus people under pressure, recent versus historic eventsand an internal versus an external emphasis that may be employed to understand therationale for internal conflict. As long as aggrieved parties are not allowed toaddress their grievances adequately, political conflict will emerge and, if notaddressed timely, such conflict may lead to civil war. A conflict resolutionmechanism based on the Shapley value is proposed to deal with internal conflict.The allocation of delegates, derived so that all parties have a say commensurate withtheir support bases, should allow for formal consensus to take place more readilythan in cases where a particular party’s representation in such a forum dominates therepresentation of the other parties. An algorithm to determine the number of votes orseats allocated to each of the parties to ensure equitable power sharing is also given.The causal reasons for internal conflict and the proposed methodology to dealwith such conflict was presented to prominent South African politicians and politicalscientists for comment. A favourable response regarding their acceptance of themethodology was elucidated.
Published
2011-08-08
Section
Articles